NTB-3-LUKE-4 - Jesus, the Ideal Man (part 4)
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“Luke: Lesson 4”
Introduction by narrator accompanied by a cappella singing:
THE GOSPEL OF CHRIST. Spreading the soul-saving message of Jesus. And now,
“The Son of Man has come to seek and to save that which is lost,”
Welcome to our study of the Gospel of Luke. As we think today about
Luke's message in those final chapters in the gospel of Luke, Luke
chapters 17 through 24, we now see everything coming to a climax in
Jesus’ life as He prepares to shed His blood and die for humanity.
Luke chapter 17 Jesus reminds us of what our real duty is in this life.
Jesus does illustrate each of us has a duty to God. Luke 17:10 says it this
way “So likewise you, when you've done all those things commanded you
say ‘We are unprofitable servants. We've done that which was our duty to
do.’” Can I really beat my own chest and say ‘Look at what I've done! How
great I am! I'm such a great servant of God.’? No. At my best here's what I
can say, ‘I'm an unprofitable servant. I've only done that which was my duty
What makes us unprofitable? Sin does. Sin causes us to be
separated from God. Sin causes us to be stained with iniquity. Sin brings
death, reproach, and God cannot look upon that, Habakkuk 1:12-13. We’re
unprofitable servants. We've only done that which was our duty to do. I
have both the privilege and the duty to serve God and to live faithfully to
Him and honor Him and be thankful in everything I do.
Sometimes people aren’t often as thankful as they ought to be. Let
me give you an illustration from Luke 17:11-18. Jesus relates a story of 10
lepers. Those lepers came to Jesus imploring Him to heal them of this
dreaded disease of which there was no cure available at the time. Jesus
heals them and tells them to go their way, show themselves to the priest,
and make the offering. They do that. All 10 of them are cleansed. One man
came back and gave thanks to God. Jesus has a haunting question in Luke
17:17. Scripture says “So Jesus answered and said, ‘Were there not 10
cleansed? But where are the nine?’”
What a haunting question that is! That reminds us that we need to be
thankful to God. 1 Thessalonians 5:17-21 teaches us ‘in everything give
thanks for this is the will of God in Christ Jesus for you.’ I want to be
thankful. I want to praise God. I should honor Him. I should approach His
throne in prayer and give Him the glory He deserves.
When we think about times like Thanksgiving that is just not a
one-day event that ought to be every day for the child of God. Here's why:
James 1:17 says “Every good and perfect gift comes from above from the
father of lights with whom there is no shadow or variation of turning.” For
the Christian every day ought to be a day of thanksgiving to God Almighty.
One of the ways that we show our thanksgiving is through prayer.
Jesus taught us about the power of prayer in Luke 18:1.
Let me ask you, do you ever get discouraged? Do you ever get
down? Does life ever throw you a curveball that maybe you just not ready
for? How do you deal with that spiritually speaking?
Look at Jesus powerful words. I hope you never forget this. Luke 18:1
then Jesus spoke a parable to them saying ‘that men always ought to pray
and not lose heart.’ How do you keep from really getting discouraged and
giving up? Prayer has powerful results. James 5:16 “Men ought always to
pray.” Don't give up. Don't give in. We are to approach the throne of grace
where we can find grace and mercy to help in time of need, Hebrews 4:16.
Instead of letting our faith get us down we ought to, James 1:5, as it says
‘get down on our hands and knees and pray to God who gives to all
liberally without reproach and it will be given to him.’ Utilize the power of
prayer in the Christian's life.
To first pray to God you’ve got have the right mindset, heart, and the
humility of spirit that an individual needs. Notice an example of that in Luke
18:10. The Scripture says “Two men went up to the temple to pray, one a
Pharisee and the other a tax collector. The Pharisee stood and prayed thus
with himself ‘God I thank you that I'm not like other men extortioners, unjust
adulterers, or even as this tax collector. I fast twice a week. I give tithes of
all that I possess.’ And the tax collector standing afar off would not so much
as raise his eyes to heaven, but beat his breast saying ‘God be merciful to
me a sinner.’ I tell you this man went to his house justified rather than the
other.” Here's Jesus point, “for everyone who exalts himself will be humbled
and he who humbles himself will be exalted.”
Can you imagine the audacity of this Pharisee? ‘I give tithes of all
that. I fast twice a week. Thank you Lord that I'm not like other men. Thank
you that I'm not like this wicked tax collector. Don't you know how good it is
I am on your side?’ What a pious, prideful, and ungodly attitude that man
had. Contrast that with the tax collector who was not really in the class of
the righteous. What did he do? He knew he was wrong, knew he needed
God's help, and with humility of heart said ‘God I need you.’ One man said
‘God you need me, and you want to be thanking me. I'm on your side.’
Another man said ‘God I need you and thank you that you spared me this
long.’ Jesus said ‘whoever exalts himself, that's the man who is going to be
humbled. Whoever humbles himself, that's the man who's going to be
exalted.’ Let's put our trust and faith in God. Let's have the humility of heart
and mind to really acknowledge we need God. We desperately need His
grace in our lives.
Now in Luke 19:10 we see the mission and the mindset of Jesus
coming to a climax. In Luke 19:10 Jesus says “For the Son of Man has
come to seek and to save that which is lost.” Directly on the heels of
discussing with Zacchaeus about the kingdom and how glad he was that
He came to his house and his town, Jesus in essence says ‘That's my
mission. That's what it's all about. The Son of Man, I've come, to seek and
to save that which is lost.’
Well let's ask a few questions relative of Jesus statement. First I need
to know, and men and women need to know, what is that which is lost?
Humanity, mankind. “All have sinned and fallen short of the glory of God,”
Romans 3:23. “None righteous, no not one,” Romans 3:10. As a result of
that sin the Bible says the ‘wages of sin is death,’ Romans 6:23. That soul
who sins will surely die,” Ezekiel 18:4. What was lost? All men everywhere
because of their sin, choices, and wrong that we've done in our life.
Now let's ask a second question. What did God do to stop that sin
problem? “The Son of Man came to seek and save that which is lost.”
Jesus left the beauty of heaven. He came to this earth. He lived a perfect
life. He gave Himself as a sacrifice on the cross so that we can overcome
the sin problem. Remember 1 Peter 2:24? The Bible says of Jesus “He
himself bore our sins in his own body upon the tree that we having died to
sin might live for righteousness by whose stripes we are healed.” When
Jesus is mocked, beaten, spit upon, when a crown of thorns is placed on
His head, when stripes are brought over is back time and time again, and
when ultimately Christ hangs on the cross and dies in agony- why did He
The Bible says in 2 Corinthians 5:21 “God made Christ who knew no
sin to be sin on our behalf that we might be made the righteousness of God
in Him.” Look at what Jesus went through to seek and save that which is
lost. He sought it so much that He gave His own life up for every man and
woman who would be obedient to the gospel of Christ. “God wants all men
to be saved,” 1 Timothy 2:4. “God so loved the world He gave His only
begotten son that whosoever believes in Him should not perish but have
everlasting life,” John 3:16.
To this great sacrifice and gift some were not appreciative at all. In
fact the religious leaders of Jesus’ day saw His life and His teaching as a
great threat, so much so that they were always looking for an opportunity to
catch Jesus. Notice for example Luke 20:20. The Scripture says “Keeping a
close watch on Him, they sent spies who pretended to be honest hoping to
catch Jesus and something he said they might hand him over to the power
and authority of the governor.” When I think about Christ and the good that
He did, not everybody really appreciated that. Some people were
threatened by Jesus .His authority and His power would only take away
their authority and their power. Those who were living in sin and new it
didn’t like Jesus’ message. Those who are prideful of themselves didn’t
want to hear the message about humility.
The world is often so wrapped up and tangled up in itself. Many
people today don't want to hear the message about Jesus. This is why so
many humanistic theories exist. Man is the center of his universe. Man
needs to be coddled. Man needs all the things that will make him happy.
Friend we don't need all that. We need Jesus. Let's put aside any
pretenses. Let's be willing to be honest with ourselves. Let's realize Jesus
has the answers to the questions of life.
Now in this context, you've already heard people are looking to catch
Jesus and His words. They don't like His authority. They've sent people out
there who are pretending to be honest trying to catch Jesus. They're going
to throw scenarios at Him. It still doesn't work. We hear these words in
Luke 20:40 “But after that,” after they tried pretty much everything they
could think of,” after that they dare not question him anymore.” They'd
already had egg on their face way too many times when they tried to
question Jesus. They had already been pointed back to the Scriptures and
not necessarily just rejected by Jesus, but their own Scriptures had
rebuked them too many times. So what did they do? They didn’t question
Him anymore. They're thru questioning and trying to catch Jesus. There's
only one option left, ‘Let’s kill Him,’ and from this point forward that's what
they began to plot to do.
As I think about these words, Luke 20:40, what a great
encouragement this gives to the child of God. Jesus greatest enemies of
the day finally gave up questioning Him, because He had the right answers.
They dared not question anymore. They knew Jesus would through logic,
common sense, and through the Scriptures give them the answer that they
weren’t ready to hear.
Jesus and His word do have the answer. I can ask the right question.
I can come to God and reason with Him, Isaiah 1:18. I can study my Bible. I
can seek to prove all things, 1 Thessalonians 5:21. This book has the
answers that we need. Let’s not be afraid of those answers. Let's be
encouraged by them and try to do everything by the authority and the will of
our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.
Now a powerful lesson that we learn from a lady, who many probably
didn't even know of in the day of Jesus, a lesson that will last throughout
eternity, now we learn about true giving from the mind of Jesus and His
example here. Look at Luke 21:1-4. “He looked up and saw the rich putting
their gifts into the treasury, and he saw also a certain poor widow putting in
two mites. So he said ‘truly I say to you this poor widow has put in more
than all for all these out of their abundance have put in offerings for God
and she out of her poverty put in all that she had,’” put in her whole
livelihood. When I think about this widow here, Jesus is watching how
people are giving. That right there ought to give us a little pause and make
us think. God knows our motives. He knows not only what we do but how
we do it. Jesus is watching the rich as they put their gifts in the treasury
and is watching how they give. How might they give it? Someone who's
rich everybody's going to be watching it when that man dumps his gift.
They're going to be impressed with the great noise that it makes and with
how much money he put in it. He's looking for that show and what others
are looking. Can you imagine the contrast? All the rich come through and
throw their money in the bucket, and it makes a big noise. That poor widow
puts in all she has- two mites. ‘Clink, clink,’ in the bucket. Can't you imagine
how those people who are watching probably began to snicker at the little
bit of money that this widow put in? Some might have said, ‘Why didn’t she
stay home? It wasn’t even worth her trip.’ What did Jesus say? That poor
widow, she put in more than all the rich. Why? They gave out of their
abundance. She gave out of her livelihood all that she had.
Some people give out of the excess. They give out of the abundance.
They give what's left over. Not this woman, she trusted in God. She was so
appreciative of God. She put her faith in God so much that she gave those
two mites. It was everything she had. She gave it all to God. What was she
going to eat tomorrow? I don't know. How was she going to survive? How
was she going to pay the bill? Those were questions she wasn’t concerned
with my friends.
This is a powerful lesson about really seeking first the kingdom of
God. Jesus talks about in Matthew 6 the subject of worry, anxiety, and all
the things go along with that. He puts it all in perspective about food,
shelter, clothing, and how we know God can provide for us. He says, “Seek
first the kingdom of God and His righteousness and all these things shall be
added unto you.” If I put God and His kingdom first, the Lord is going to
take care of me. Everything's going to be well. I can have the tranquility
and peace of knowing that I, my family, those whom I love- if we’re striving
to do God's will and put the kingdom first-will be taken care of.
We must be on guard against Satan and his temptation. Simon
wasn't quite as ready as he thought he was. Luke 22:31 Simon often likes
to brag and boast. ‘Even if everybody else leaves you Lord, I'm not going to
leave you,’ Luke 22:31. Jesus said “Simon, Simon indeed Satan is asked
for you that he may sift you as wheat.” But Jesus goes on to say, “I've
prayed for you that your faith would not fail.” Remember Simon's
background in this chapter a little bit more Luke chapter 22 and 23. Here
Simon says ‘I'll never deny you.’ Jesus says ‘before the rooster crows you'll
deny me three times.’ Simon says, ‘Not me.’ Then we hear that rooster
crow. We see Simon and the Lord. Aren't you glad Jesus did pray for him?
Aren't you glad that Jesus warned him? Aren’t you glad that he realized he
had messed up and came back to God?
Friend we need to realize that Satan is indeed an active adversary.
We need to realize that his devices are indeed something that we've got to
be on the alert about. He's like that roaring lion, 1 Peter 5:8. He is that
dragon, Revelation 12. He is like that sly serpent that we find in Genesis 3.
I've got to be aware. He is actively and aggressively trying to tempt men
and women to lose their own salvation and not put their trust in the Lord
Now in Luke chapter 23 everything comes to a climax.
Jesus is now taken by evil men. This was all part of God's plan. He is
taken by evil men. Those evil men take Him to what we know of as the hall
or the praetorian. There they began to accuse Jesus. They question Him.
They began to mock Him and spit upon Him. They place a crown of thorns
on thorns on His head, and it is embedded and impressed into His skull.
They beat Him with a rod and staff. They then take Jesus and over and
over again stripes are placed on his back. Jesus’ arms are stretched tight.
He's bent over something like unto a post. It was most likely or hung in that
area where would pull pressure on His back. Every time that stripe is
brought up on His back the muscle and flesh begins to tear and bleed.
Then Jesus is taken Golgotha, the place of the skull, Calvary. There His
hands and His feet are nailed to a wooden cross. That cross is lifted up just
as Jesus said it would in John chapter 12. “I will be lifted up for all men.”
That cross is lifted up, and there Jesus struggles for every breath. There
He suffers the greatest pain and agony that we can begin to imagine.
Why did he do that? Why did He suffer? Isaiah commented on this in
the long-ago. “He was bruised for our iniquities. The chastisement of our
peace was upon Him. By His stripes we are healed.” Why did Jesus give
up His life? Why did He die? “Without the shedding of blood there is no
forgiveness of sins,” Hebrews 9:22. And the Bible says in Hebrews 10:12
“This man, Jesus, after it offered one sacrifice for sin forever sat down at
the right hand of the throne of God.” Jesus gave all that up. He died. He
suffered. He made the ultimate sacrifice so that we can go to heaven.
Remember Matthew 26:28 as Jesus instituted the Lord's Supper? The
Scripture says “Jesus took and passed around the fruit of vine and He said
‘this is My blood of the new covenant which was shed for many for the
forgiveness of sins.’” Jesus made the ultimate sacrifice so that we can have
the hope of heaven.
Now it doesn't end there at the cross. It doesn't end at the tomb that
they laid Jesus in. Yes they put Him in a tomb and rolled the stone over it.
Luke 24 records for us the great event of the resurrection. Those stone
walls, that humongous stone that was laid in front of the tomb where Jesus
was, they couldn't contain Him. As Christians often sing “Up From the
Grave He did arise.” On that first day the week Jesus arose from the grave.
He presented Himself to His disciples and to other witnesses. In 1
Corinthians 15 and in one example in Luke 24:32 He presents Himself to
two men on the road to Emmaus. Watch what happens in Luke 24:32. “Did
not our heart burn within us while He talked with us on the road? And while
He opened the Scriptures to us?” Talk about heartburn! Here's a case of
spiritual heartburn. These people are wondering about the events that
happen. They’re wondering about Jesus. Jesus begins to show that this is
what had to happen. He opens up the Scripture. He talked with them along
the way. That fire that was there begins to burn. It begins to kindle. They
still have that fire for God. It's a good case of spiritual heartburn occurs with
And then in Luke 24:44-49 appearing to His own disciples Jesus tells
them “You wait in Jerusalem until you receive power from on high. There
you'll be my witnesses.” Right here in this scene is where Acts chapter 1
picks up. They’re waiting in Jerusalem. The Holy Spirit comes. Peter along
with the other apostles stands up and for the very first time preaches the
good news about Jesus that He is the Lord and Savior of all men, Acts
2:36, “this Jesus whom you crucified is both Lord and Christ,” the Bible
says. They got the point. They're cut to the heart, and they cried out “Men
and brethren what shall we do?” And the answer was “Repent and be
baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of
your sins and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.” Verse 42 tells us
“those who gladly received the word were baptized.” And verse 47 “The
Lord added daily to the church those who are saved.”
Look at the powerful message: Jesus’ death, that His burial, His
resurrection- the gospel being preached to men and women for the first
time as a present reality received immediate- not sins that were rolled
back- immediate remission of sins through the blood of Jesus.
Friend did you know that can be yours today, if you obey the gospel?
If you become a Christian and if you repent of sins and be immersed, you
can have that same joy and hope that Jesus came to give.
He came to seek and save the lost.
Let's let Him by obeying the gospel of our Lord and Savior Jesus
Study Questions for: “Luke: Lesson 4”
1. According to Luke 19:10, why did the Son of Man come?
2. What does Luke 17:10 say about following God’s commands?
3. In Luke 17:11-18, how many of the 10 came back to thank Jesus?
4. What should we do in all things according to 1 Thessalonians 5:17-21?
5. According to James 1:17, what comes from God?
6. What does Luke 18:1 teach us about how we should react in hard times?
7. According to James 5:16, what should men always do?
8. In Luke 18:10 which of the two men were justified? Why?
9. What does Jesus say about someone who humbles himself in Luke
10. What are the wages of sin according to Romans 6:23?