NTB-1-MATT-1 - Matthew: The Birth of the King
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“Matthew: Lesson 1”
Introduction by narrator accompanied by a cappella singing:
THE GOSPEL OF CHRIST. Spreading the soul-saving message of Jesus. And now,
The Scripture says “And she will bring forth a son and you will call His
name Jesus, for He will save His people from their sins,” Matthew 1:21.
Welcome to our study of the gospel of Matthew. In our New
Testament series, Matthew begins by showing us about the Majesty and
the power of Jesus the King of Kings.
Get your Bible handy and study as we think about this wonderful start
to the New Testament.
We begin the gospel of Matthew with the birth of the King of Kings
and Lord of lords, Jesus Christ.
We want to set Matthew in its proper place in the New Testament to
help us understand it a little better.
The New Testament uniquely divides into four categories. We have
what we know of as the gospel accounts: Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John.
And this first category, the gospel accounts, tells us about whom Jesus is,
how He lived a perfect life, and ultimately how He died and was resurrected
from the grave ever to live again.
Then the second category in the New Testament is the book of Acts.
Acts is the book that tells one ‘what must I do to be saved?’ It is tells us
how to become a Christian.
Then we have Romans through Jude the third category in the New
Testament tells one ‘now that you are Christian, here's how to live faithfully
to the Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.’
The final stanza or that fourth category is the book Revelation.
Revelation is unique in that it tells one how to die victoriously in Christ, and
so a beautiful tying together of these four categories.
Today we think about that first category. To understand Matthew in its
proper place, we want to put it in the scope of the four accounts of the
gospel. We have Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. Now each of these is
unique in that they maybe even portray a different aspect of the life of
Jesus. For example Mark is one of the more concise and compact versions
of the gospel. Mark is believed to be written to the Romans. It is a power-
packed, action gospel account in which we Mark addresses the Majesty of
our Lord and Savior. The key verse to the gospel of Mark is Mark 7:37
“Jesus has done all things well.” His supreme Majesty and power are
outlined in Mark. In the gospel of Luke we have Jesus presented to the
Greeks as the ideal perfect person. Luke 2:52 says “Jesus increased in
wisdom and stature and favor with God and man.” Then the gospel of John,
kind of written to a generic audience, presents Jesus as divine or as deity.
John 20:30-31 “truly many other signs Jesus did in the presence of His
disciples. But these are written that you may believe Jesus is the Christ the
Son of the living God and believing in Him you may have life through His
But then in view of Mark, Luke, and John, Matthew is unique as well.
Matthew is a Jew writing to Jews about the King of the Jews, the greatest
Jew to ever live: Jesus Christ, the King of Kings and Lord of lords.
Sometimes in understanding a book, as we introduce Matthew, it
helps us to maybe put some of the key ideas out for us to maybe grasp a
hold of. One of the keywords in the gospel of Matthew would be ‘kingdom.’
We hear the word ‘kingdom’ some 55 times in the gospel of Matthew. We
hear the word ‘kingdom of heaven’ another 32 times in this book. You see
the word ‘king’ throughout the book. Matthew is about the kingdom from
heaven of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ of which Jesus is the King of
Kings and Lord of lords.
There's also a key phrase that is unique. If Matthew is going to
convince the Jews that Jesus is the King of Kings, Savior of the world, he's
going to have to do that from their Scriptures. That's why you will hear
throughout the book this phrase “that it might be fulfilled which was spoken
of the Lord by the prophets.” Multiple times throughout the gospel of
Matthew, Matthew will cite something about Jesus, tell something about
Jesus, and use an Old Testament prophecy to prove to the Jews how true
Matthew is a Jew writing to the Jews about the greatest Jew to ever
live-Jesus, the King of Kings and Lord of lords. In Matthew 1 through 3, our
text that we're studying today, we have Christ being born into the world- the
birth of the King of Kings and Lord of lords.
What do we know about our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ?
We know that He is of royal lineage. As we think about Christ, one of
the things that Matthew is going to introduce is His royal bloodline, and that
it is from God and that He is destined from eternity to be the Savior of the
Now this idea of a royal bloodline may not mean a whole lot to me
and you, but to the Jews it meant a great deal because they wanted proof
from the Old Testament Scriptures, proof that He is of the right bloodline to
be the Messiah that He's of the descendancy of David. He has a right to
the throne of David and showing that will help them realize this Jesus truly
is the Messiah.
Now what do we know about Jesus lineage? The lineage of Christ
stresses to the Jews that Jesus has the right to the throne and all the
promises given by God. Notice Matthew chapter 1. Notice what the
Scripture says in verse number 1. Here's how the gospel of Matthew
begins ‘the book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ.’ Now notice where he
starts “The son of David, the son of Abraham,” he wants to show Matthew
wants to show from the outset that Jesus is the son of David, the son of
Abraham. He has right to the throne and ultimately to be the Christ. He
begins by mentioning Christ in line with these two men to ultimately show
the fulfillment of promise. Genesis 49:10 the Messiah and the King of Kings
was going to spring forth out of Judah that great kingly tribe and of course
our Lord. It's evident the Hebrew writer will say in Hebrews 7:14 that our
Lord came from Judah, and so He is in line to be king. He wants these
Jews to see not only is He connected to David, He's connected to
Abraham. We have the great promise in Genesis 22:18 that God made the
promise to Abraham ‘that through his seed all nations would be blessed.’
Christ is ultimately the seed of Abraham, and He's the one who's going to
bless all nations. He begins on a high note. He is the son of Abraham.
When you hear about Abraham, Abraham is probably up there with
Moses, up there with David one of the key figures in the Old Testament and
one of the great heroes of the Jewish nation. Abraham is identified in
Scripture as the father of the Jewish nation. He received that great
promise. God said “Abraham,” in Genesis 12 “I'm calling you out from your
father out from this nation. I will make you a great nation. I will build a great
people. Through you, in you, all nations of the earth will be blessed.” He
received both the land promise and the seed promise blessing in Genesis
12. Now the Jews had skewed that promise throughout history, but Jesus is
the fulfillment of that promise being the son of Abraham.
Secondly He has that great promise, blessing that we alluded to.
Look again at the promise of Genesis 22:18. Notice this verse. The
Scripture says God speaking to Abraham, “In your seed all nations of the
earth shall be blessed, because you have obeyed My voice,” that in
Abraham everybody, not just the Jews, all nations would be blessed. That
that promise, blessing the Jews you know held onto, ‘We're seed of
Abraham. We're children of Abraham. We're that blessed nation. What they
failed to realize was that was to ever body and that was through ‘the seed’
not seeds-singular. As Paul address in Genesis 3:15-17 and to your seed
who is Christ.
Then thirdly as we think about Christ being the son of Abraham, there
is a unique description given of Abraham that anyone be would be proud to
be connected to. The Bible says of Abraham, in James 2:23, that Abraham
was the friend of God. What a wonderful description that is of Abraham's
character! Father of the Jewish faith, the one who ultimately received the
seed promise, the one who was known as the friend of God and Jesus is
described in Matthew 1:1 as the very beginning as the son of Abraham. It's
not just Abraham that Jesus is initially described as. He's also described as
the son of David. Every Jew who would hear those words would naturally
peak their interest, and they would listen up because David was that great
King of the Old Testament, that great King who brought peace who brought
prosperity, the one who ultimately would defeat their enemies, and give
Israel the greatest period of history they'd ever had. David is described as
the greatest king ever in many ways. Acts 13:22, He is that king of Israel
that everyone looked up to. In Acts chapter 2 about verses 34 maybe verse
29 through about verse 35, David calls Christ ‘Lord.’ And so we think of
being the son of David, what does that make greatest king ever and yet
David paid homage ultimately to the Messiah who would come -who is
It's also important for us to realize that Jesus is the promised Messiah
who would come through the lineage of David. To every Jew who was
familiar with the Old Testament Scriptures, he knew that the Messiah was
going to come through David's bloodline.
How do we know that? Notice the words of the promise made in the
words of 2 Samuel 7:12-13 here's what the Scripture says. God said to
David, “When your days are fulfilled and you rest with your fathers, I will set
up your seed after you who will come from your body. I will establish His
kingdom. He will build a house for My name.” Now notice, “and I will
establish the throne of His kingdom forever.” Here you've got that great
promise. It was made Abraham. Now it's made to David. ‘Your seed's going
to come. He's going to bless all nations. I will establish His kingdom. His
throne will be forever.’
Who is that? No doubt the Jews are looking for that day. They’re in
great duress. They're in great captivity under the Romans right now.
They're looking in their mind. They're looking for physical and military
Friend that's not necessarily what Christ brought. He brought
something so much better. Here's the fulfillment of that promise. Luke
chapter 1, the promise is made to Mary in verse 32 and 33, ‘He'll be great.
He'll be called the Son of the Highest. The Lord God will give Him the
throne of His father David and of His kingdom to rule over the house of
Israel forever. Of His kingdom there'll be no end.’
Think about that in view of 2 Samuel 7:13. ‘I will establish the throne
of His kingdom forever. Of His kingdom there be no end.’ Jesus has the
right to be the Son of God the King of Kings and Lord of lords. He's the son
of Abraham. He's the son of David as every Jew is looking forward to.
There's a little wrinkle in what the Jews might've been looking forward to, in
Matthew chapter 1, not only do we have great names like Abraham, like
David, like the great patriarchs of old, we have a couple of very unique
people mentioned- two women actually- and to very unique women. Gentile
lineage, both Rahab and Ruth are in the lineage of our Lord and Savior
You remember the story of Rahab. As God's people go in to conquer
the nation, they go to Jericho. They come to this city that is has great
protection around by the walls, and the harlot Rahab, she helps the spies.
She brings them in. She tells them how to, in essence, conquer the city that
she's going to help them. She puts that scarlet cord in her window, and
they saved her and her family. In saving her and her family, it finds its way
into the lineage of Christ.
Then, there is the beautiful story of Ruth. During the dark time of the
judges, a horrible time in Israel's history, there was a bright spot; and it was
Naomi, and it was Ruth. It would ultimately lead to the descendancy of
David and bring Christ into the world. Ruth is mentioned in the lineage of
Now how is this important? Christ, the King of Kings and Lord of
lords, greatest Jew to ever live- also had some Gentile lineage in His
descendancy. These great women of faith mentioned in Hebrews chapter
11, they were willing to follow God then.
They were willing to submit to His will, and ultimately it stresses that
anybody who will follow Christ can be saved from their sins.
Now let's mention some things in Matthew 1 through 3 that help us to
understand more about the birth of the king. In Matthew 1:22-23 we are told
that the Lord Jesus Christ is going to be born of woman Mary and the Holy
Spirit. The Scripture says in Matthew 1:22 “so all this was done that it might
be fulfilled which was spoken by the Lord through the prophet saying
‘Behold a virgin shall be with child and bear a son. They shall call His name
Immanuel.’” Well, which is translated ‘God with us.’ What Scripture is that?
Isaiah 7:14. ‘Virgin to bring forth a child, He's going to be God with us,
ultimately going to save His people.’ Who was that? Christ. The incarnate
God. Emmanuelle, ‘God with us,’ is Jesus Christ. What a powerful,
powerful teaching that is!
Now as we think more about the birth of Christ, we look in Matthew
chapter 2. There are four prophecies that are all fulfilled about the birth of
Christ fulfilled from Scripture. Let me mention those. In Micah 5:2 it was
prophesied that Jesus would be born in Bethlehem of Ephrathah. Matthew
2:1 and verses 5-6, Jesus is born in Nazareth the region of Bethlehem. As
well we have those scriptures mentioned there as we see in Matthew 21. In
Matthew 2:5-6 the exact birthplace that Jesus would be born prophesied
hundreds of years before in Scripture is exactly fulfilled in Matthew chapter
2. Another unique Scripture, Hosea chapter 11:1 God said during the time
of the minor prophet out of Egypt, ‘I've called my Son.’ Who is that about?
We turn our attention to Matthew 2:13-15. Because of the evil that
Herod was doing, He had Christ had to be sent into Egypt to be protected
from dying. Ultimately when Herod died, God called His Son out of Egypt-
again exact fulfillment of prophecy concerning the birth of the Lord and
Savior Jesus Christ.
Now we have another dark Scripture. We say dark because of the
things going on at that time. In Jeremiah 31:15 it was prophesied that
Rachel would be weeping and lamenting for her children because of an
ultimate demise of many of them-again tied in the Matthew 2:16-18. We
have the slaughter of the innocents by Herod looking ultimately for the
Savior. Of course God had already sent Him to Egypt to protect Him. But
here's another prophecy tied in directly to the birth of our Lord and Savior
Jesus Christ. We have one more mentioned in Isaiah 11:1-2. Jesus, the
Messiah, is going to be known as the branch or the Nazarene. In Matthew
2:23 He dwelt in Nazareth. He was known as a Nazarene in that way and
thus these four Scriptures, again building up and buttressing the idea from
the Jewish Scripture, that Jesus is the fulfillment of every prophecy that
they had been looking for.
We have so many things that are connected to the birth of our Lord
and Savior Jesus Christ.
Now let's make some practical application as well to these Scriptures.
As we think about the birth of Jesus, please understand Christians believe
in the birth of Christ. We know He was born into the world, but we do not
know when Christ was born. We do not know what month and day that it
was, and more importantly Christians are commanded to remember the
Lord's death not His birth.
If God wanted to do us to remember His birth, He would of told us the
exact day the exact month, and He would've commanded us to remember
that. Scripture doesn't do that. 1 Corinthians 11:26- we're to remember His
death until He comes. We do that by remembering the Lord's Supper every
first day the week, Acts 20:7.
We want to clearly realize from Scripture that we don't know when
Jesus was born. We don't know what day it was. It could be April. It could
be October. It could be September- whatever- we don't know what day it's
on. We're not told.
We're not told that it's December 25. Nowhere in Scripture does the
Bible reveal that Jesus was born on December 25, and Christians are told
to remember His death that's the event that we're looking forward to. One
of the things we learn from Scripture about the birth of Jesus is that it is the
fulfillment of prophecy as was seen in Scripture. The Jew cannot deny
Jesus has fulfilled every one of those.
As we then think about the third chapter of the book of Matthew,
we're introduced to a unique figure and that man is a great hero of the Bible
known as John the Immerser or John the Baptizer. John preached a very
urgent message. That message was a call to repentance.
Listen to Matthew 3:2. John was preaching in the wilderness saying
“Repent for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.” There is urgency in John's
message. His work was to prepare the way of the Messiah and to prepare
the hearts of the people, and thus he preached ‘repent,’ urgency. ‘Get
ready the kingdom's coming.” Acts 3:19 “Repent and be converted that
your sins might be blotted out.” Jesus would later say in Luke 13:3, “Unless
you repent, you will all likewise perish.”
There's another important event in Matthew chapter 3 that John is
also connected to and that is the baptism of our Lord and Savior Jesus
Christ. Notice the words of Matthew 3:17. After Jesus baptism this is said,
“And suddenly a voice came from heaven saying ‘This is my beloved Son
in whom I'm well pleased.’” Jesus of course was baptized to fulfill all
righteousness, and yet the voice of God at the conclusion of Christ
obedience ‘this this is my beloved Son in whom I'm well pleased. Hear
Him.’ Who most clearly and most of vividly identified Christ as the
Messiah? God, His voice, boomed from heaven. “This is the Messiah. This
is my Son. Hear Him.”
As we think about this text, Matthew 1 through 3, we have been
introduced to Christ of royal lineage. We have been shown that His birth is
the fulfillment of the prophecies that were made in the Old Testament, and
we've seen John, the great Herald, stand up and cry “Repent for the
kingdom is at hand.” God's voice identified at the baptism of Jesus “This is
my Son. Hear ye Him.”
We ask you today, have you heard the voice of God? Meaning have
you listened to what God said about His Son? Do you believe with all your
heart that Jesus is the Christ the Son of the living God? Jesus said, “Unless
you believe that I'm He, you'll surely die in your sins,” John 8:24. Are you
willing to repent like John said? Would you turn from sin and turn to God?
Luke 13:3, would you be willing to confess with your mouth that Jesus is
the Savior? Romans 10:10 says, ‘with the heart with the mind, one believes
unto righteousness and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.’
And like Christ, who was baptized to obey the will of God, would you be
baptized to be saved?
Peter said in Acts 2:38 when they cried out “Men and brethren, what
shall we do?” Peter said, “Repent and be baptized every one of you in the
name of Jesus Christ for the remission of your sins.”
If you've never obeyed the gospel, more than anything today we're
begging you- won't you become a Christian?
Realize Jesus is the Messiah. Obey Him, and then you can have the
hope of eternal life.
Study Questions for: “Matthew: Lesson 1”
1. According to Matthew 1:21, who will save people from their sins?
2. According to Mark 7:37, who has done all things well?
3. What does Luke 2:52 say about Jesus?
4. Why are the signs written according to John 20:30-31?
5. Who does Matthew 1 list first in the genealogy of Christ?
6. What promise is made to Abraham in Genesis 22:18?
7. According to James 2:23, who was a friend of God?
8. What did God promise to David in 2 Samuel 7:12-13?
9. According to Luke 1:32-33, what was promised to Mary?
10. According to 1 Corinthians 11:26, what are we to remember? When,
according to Acts 20:7?