LMOT-5 - Deuteronomy: Second Law
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LIVING MESSAGES OF THE OLD TESTAMENT
“Living Messages of the Old Testament: Lesson 5- Deuteronomy”
Introduction by narrator accompanied by a cappella singing:
THE GOSPEL OF CHRIST. Spreading the soul-saving message of Jesus. And now,
“Whatever I command you be careful to observe it, you shall not add
to it nor take away from,” Deuteronomy 12:32.
Welcome to our study of living messages of the Old Testament.
Today we're going to be studying the book of Deuteronomy. As with our
previous lessons, we want to look at each book and consider the context
that it falls and familiarize ourselves with the teaching of it. But just as
important, we also want to see some living application for Christians today
from the old law. We also want to see Jesus in the book of Deuteronomy.
As you think about the book of Deuteronomy, this word means ‘law
again’ or ‘second law.’ God gave the law all to the first generation. They
wondered in the wilderness, and their bodies perished there. Now this
second generation has arisen, and God is going to repeat that law to them
so that they can be faithful to it. They'll know which direction to go and how
to please Him.
Deuteronomy breaks into three unique categories. Chapters 1
through 4 is a historical section where some the events of Israel's history
are repeated. Chapters 5 through 26 are legislative in that God is giving the
law. Chapters 27 through 34 are a prophetic section where God makes
prophecies concerning Israel’s future, hope, and if they'll be faithful unto
As we think about some of the living messages one that stands out
initially in this book. We as God's people, just as Israel, we should not
change the word of God. There are two passages that illustrate this for us
from the book of Deuteronomy. Deuteronomy 4:2 says, “You shall not add
to the word which I command you nor take from it that you may keep the
commandments of the Lord your God which I command you.” Here's God's
initial encouragement to the people, challenge to the people. ‘Don't add to
it. Don't take from the word of God,’ implying that God gave them exactly
and everything that they may need. Today also, we have everything we
need. Remember 2 Timothy 3:16-17. “All Scripture is given by inspiration of
God and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction
in righteousness that the man of God may be complete thoroughly
equipped for every good work.” God's word is everything we need. Jesus
said, “You know the truth and the truth will make you free.” The Scripture
says that God's word is full. Psalm 119:130, 160 says the entirety of God's
word is truth.
Notice this second passage along the same lines. Deuteronomy
12:32 God says, “Whatever I command you be careful to observe it, you
shall not add to it nor take away from it.” Not only do we have the
admonition to not take away, not add to, here God says ‘you be careful to
do it.’ Friend God wants us just simply to obey Him. I love the words of the
mother of Jesus, Mary, in John 2. At the wedding of Cana the crowd ran
out of drink. Mary requests of Jesus that He refilled the pots. He has not
performed a miracle yet. He eventually agrees to do that. John 2:5 His
mother, once she realizes He's going to do it, turns to the servants and
says, “Whatever He says to you, do it.” Can you find better advice than
that? ‘Whatever Jesus says to you do.’ We need to obey Jesus the author
of eternal salvation. We don't need to add to or take away from the word of
God either, Revelation 22:18-19. We simply need to submit to and obey the
will of God.
When we think about obedience, hasn't that always been what God
wanted? Where Adam and Eve go wrong? In the Garden of Eden when
they disobeyed God. Moses disobeyed God when he struck the rock and
instead of speaking to it. As you look throughout history the challenges and
the difficulties that were faced were by people who did not obey the will of
Secondly from Deuteronomy we see a great admonition to parents. I
love the words of Deuteronomy 6. It offers courage and hope and gives the
challenge to parents to be Godly parents. The Bible says, “You shall love
the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your
strength. And these words which I command you today shall be in your
heart. You shall teach them diligently to your children. You shall talk of
them when you sit in your house, when you walk by the way, when you lie
down, when you rise up. You shall bind them as a sign on your hand. They
shall be as frontlets between your eyes. You shall write them on the door
posts of your house and on your gates.”
You have that ‘you shall love the Lord your God statement’ the great
statement of ‘all your heart, soul, mind, and strength’ Jesus said in Mark
12:30 following. But then He says ‘I want you to write these words
everywhere. I want you to teach and to your children.’ Parents today need
that same encouragement. “Parents train up your children in the nurture
and admonition of the Lord,” Ephesians 6:1-4. Parents need to make every
opportunity possible to teach their children the Bible. You need to have
Bible study at home you and to learn the Bible together. Don't you
remember Paul's encouragement to the young evangelist Timothy? Paul
said, “Study to show yourself approved unto God a workman who does not
need to be ashamed rightly dividing the word of truth.” Ezra was a great
man of God because he set his heart to learn the law of God to do it. John
the Baptist Luke 1:6 say both his parents ‘were righteous in all their
actions.’ Here's a godly family. Look what John the Emerser did!
Admonition to parents is the kind of godly parents you need to be.
Think about the words of Acts 17:11 that noble group ‘these were
more fair-minded than those in Thessalonica in that they searched the
Scriptures daily to see if these things were so.’ What they do when Paul
came and brought a message? Paul comes to the door, and they answered
the door. They received the word ‘with all readiness.’ They checked to see
what he said by the book. Friend that's the kind of families and parents God
wants today. He wants families who will put the word of God out and help
their children grow in the grace and knowledge of our Lord and Savior, 2
Peter 3:18. As newborn babes desire the pure milk of the word that you
may grow thereby,’ 1 Peter 2:2.
Then we come to three familiar verses for their use in the New
Testament by our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. In Matthew 4 after 40 days
of fasting in the wilderness, Jesus is now taken and tempted by Satan. He's
tempted with the lust of the eyes, lust of flesh, and pride of life. Jesus has
been hungry. ‘If you're the Son of God turn these stones to bread.’ He
takes Him up on the high pinnacle, ‘all these things I'll give you a cast
yourself down God said he take care of you.’ He throws everything he can
at Him. How did Jesus deal with that? He went back to the word of God,
and he said, “It is written. It is written. It is written.” Notice what Jesus used
in overcoming Satan. Deuteronomy 6:13, 16 and 8:3, notice these words
6:13 Jesus said, “You shall filled for fear the Lord your God and serve Him
and shall take those in His name.” 6:16 “You shall not tempt the Lord your
God as you tempted Him in my son.” Then 8:3 “So we are humbled you
allowed feed you with manna, which you did not know nor did your fathers
know that he might make known to you that man shall not live by bread
alone, but man lives by every word that proceeds from the mouth of God.”
Jesus said, ‘I won’t give in because the Scripture says do not tempt
God. I'm not going to give in because the Scripture says man doesn't have
to live by bread alone, but by every word from God.’ What I learned from
passages like these from the example of Jesus in Matthew 4 is when
temptation comes, if I know the word of God well enough I have a litany of
tools that will help me to overcome Satan’s snares. Think about Psalm
119:10 -12. “How shall a young man cleanse his heart? By taking heed
according to your word, your word I have hidden in my heart that I might
not sin against you.” If we've got the word of God in our heart, if we're filled
with it, if we are consumed by its teaching, if we love its laws and precepts
and we want to do what God says, when Satan does throw something at us
Ephesians 6 teaches we have that shield of the faith. We have that sword
of the Spirit to fend it off. We must know the word of God- like our Lord and
Savior did so well. Isn't that really what God requires of us? What does the
Lord require people today? Deuteronomy 10:12-13 tells us, “Now Israel
what does the Lord your God require of you? But to fear the Lord your God,
to walk in all His ways, and to love Him and serve the Lord your God with
all your heart, with all your soul, and to keep the commandments of the
Lord and His statutes which I command you today for your good.” Isaiah
said in Isaiah 43:7, God speaking through Isaiah said, “Everyone who is
called by My name, whom I created for My glory, I have formed him. Yes
I've made him.”
Not only is that a great passage about God as our creator but it tells
us why we're here. We were created for God's glory. Paul said, “Whether
you eat or whether you drink or whatever you do, do all to the glory of
God,” 1 Corinthians 10:31. In fact what's the meaning of life? The Bible
teaches that in Ecclesiastes 12:13-14 Solomon had tried it all. He tried
binding achievement and building things, pleasure, lust of the flesh, wine,
and women in suchlike that. Then he came to this final conclusion. “Let's
hear the conclusion the whole matter. What's life all about? Fear God and
keep His commandments this is the whole duty of man for God to bring
every work into judgment including every secret thing whether good or evil.”
My responsibility and yours is to obey God, Matthew 7:21, is to love
him with all our heart, soul, mind, and strength Mark 12:30 following, and to
live our lives every day faithful unto the Lord.
Now from Deuteronomy we also see a beautiful picture of Jesus
taking upon Himself the curse of the cross. Deuteronomy 21:22-23 the
Scripture says, “If a man has committed a sin deserving of death and he is
put to death and you hang them on a tree. His body shall not remain
overnight on the tree. You shall surely bury him that day so that you do not
defile the land which the Lord your God is giving you as an inheritance. For
he who is hanged is accursed of God.” If someone had committed some
heinous sin, some heinous crime, and the punishment was hanging that
person was viewed as being cursed by God. Anyone who would have done
something that bad would have deserved to be hung. God's vengeance
was being taking out on that person. Well haven't all of us sinned? Haven't
all of us fallen short? Don't we all deserve to be lost and to receive the
vengeance of God because of our sins? Should we all in essence be hung?
Jesus took that curse of the cross for us. In Galatians 3:13 notice what the
text says “Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law having
become a curse for us. For it is written cursed is everyone who is hanged
on a tree.” He's redeemed us. He saved us. Christ took it upon himself. 1
Peter 2:20, “for He Himself bore His own body our sins upon the tree.”
When Jesus went to Calvary, He bore the sins of the world. I think of the
words of 2 Corinthians 5:21. “God made Christ who knew no sin to be sin
on our behalf that we might be made the righteousness of God in Him.
Jesus is that great sin offering. As I think about passages like these, I'm
reminded of God's great love and care for each and every one of us.
From the book of Deuteronomy will also learn teaching on God's law
concerning divorce. Deuteronomy 24:1-4, ‘If a woman had committed an
uncleanliness of sin her husband was permitted by the law of Moses to give
her a certificate of divorce, put her away, but he wasn't to take her back.”
Many believe that uncleanliness was something sexual, but as we look to
the new law we know exactly God's teaching on marriage, divorce, and
remarriage. Friend hearing carefully God does not have 101 reasons for
divorce, marriage, and remarriage. There is but one reason for divorce and
Jesus made it crystal clear in Matthew 19:9. I want you look at what the
Scripture says. The Scripture says Jesus said, “And I say to you whoever
divorces his wife,” and here's the exception, “except for sexual immorality
and marries another commits adultery, and whoever marries her who is
divorced commits adultery.” What did Jesus teach? Fornication, sexual
immorality the Greek word is porneia, illicit sexual actions is the only
license. Sexual action is found in Hebrews 13:4 “marriage is honorable and
the bed undefiled. Whoremongers and adulterers God will judge.” That
relationship is designed for marriage. Anything outside of one man, one
woman having that relationship is not God's law. When someone violates
that- say a husband and wife are married and the husband commits
adultery, has relations with another woman, that woman has a right to
divorce her husband. ‘Except for sexual immorality,’ she may divorce him
and marry another. If two people are married, and let's say they just divorce
for incompatibility. They cannot remarry. They did not divorce for
fornication, and thus they do not have the right to remarry. What about the
person who divorces his spouse for sexual immorality? What about the
spouse? ‘Whoever marries her commits adultery. She's not licensed to
marry. She doesn't have that right.’ What's God's law? God's original
always, Genesis 2:24 “For this reason a man shall leave his father and
mother be joined to his wife and the two shall become one flesh.” The
exception is for sexual immorality and that's the only exception.
Friends we need to be sure. There are going to be multitudes of
people on the Day of Judgment who are going to spend eternity in a devil's
hell because they have not obeyed God's law on marriage, divorce, and
remarriage. You cannot ignore the law of God and Christ teaching and
think that somehow on the Day of Judgment everything's going be okay.
God is clear on this subject. If a person finds themselves in a situation is
not right like in Ezra 9 and 10 if two people find out there married in their
marriage is not what ought to be, they're not scripturally married and they
don't have a right to remarry- what must they do? They must separate and
remain single, live a faithful life to God, and focus on heaven not the flesh
and not the lust of the flesh.
Another powerful lesson that we learn from the book of Deuteronomy
deals with how to figure out a false prophet. Deuteronomy 18:22 God said,
“When a prophet speaks in the name of the Lord, if the thing does not
happen or come to pass that is the thing which the Lord has not spoken.
The prophet has spoken it presumptuously, you shall not be afraid of
them.” What's the litmus test we might say? If he says it and it doesn't
happen, God says it is not speaking for Me. Joseph Smith made a host of
prophecies. Eddie Baker, Rutherford Hayes, a host of people have come
through the centuries saying they know when the Lord's coming. It never
happened when they said it would. What do we know about those people?
They're not speaking for God.
Here's what we do know. “God has in these last days spoken through
His Son.” I don't have to worry about looking for a latter-day prophet. I've
got everything I need right here in the book. God has given His will and we
can know beyond a shadow of a doubt what that will is.
Another lesson that we learn from the book of Deuteronomy is that
there are just some things that God has not fully revealed to us. The Bible
teaches we been thoroughly equipped for every good work. We have
everything we need for life and godliness- but we don't have all the
answers to all the questions. We do have everything we need in God's
word. Notice Deuteronomy 29:29 the Scripture says, “The secret things
belong to the Lord our God but those things which are revealed belong to
us and our children forever that we may do all the words of this law.”
There are people who have questions. What did Jesus write in the
sand? Who did Moses marry? There may be various questions that will
never fully have the answer to- but here's what we do know- right here in
this book this is what God has revealed to us. We can know it, and we can
live by it. You can be sure. Here's the good news: If you obey this book,
you can be sure beyond a shadow of a doubt that you're going to go to
heaven. The Scripture says in 2 Timothy 2:15 that we each have the
responsibility to ‘study to show ourselves approved unto God a workman
who does not need to be ashamed rightly dividing the word of truth.’ The
Bible says this book has everything for life and godliness. You can know
the truth and the truth will make you free.
Are there some things we don't have answers to? Sure. But do I have
everything I need to get to heaven? Absolutely! Everything to live the best
life and go to heaven is right here in this book. We must take advantage of
obeying that, thus we must know the word of God.
I want you look at what Deuteronomy says about making sure that we
know the word of God and that we have an active knowledge of it and that
we're living by that. Deuteronomy 31:12-13 the Scripture says God said,
“Gather the people together men and women and little ones and the
stranger who is within your gates that they may hear and that they may
learn to fear the Lord your God and carefully observe all the words of this
law and that their children who have not known it may hear and learn to
fear the Lord your God as long as you live in the land which you cross the
Jordan in the land which you cross the Jordan to possess.” Here God says
‘I want you to know it in order children know what I wanted.’ Let me remind
you of the words of Acts 17:11. “They searched the Scriptures daily to see
if what they are being told is true to the will of God.”
Now Deuteronomy, although it started out on a high note, the law
ends with the death of Moses. Deuteronomy 34:34 Moses stands on Mount
pigs and there he looks over into the great Canaan land and God only
knows where his body is. God took care of Moses up to that very point and
He's going to take care of us. He's promised us not only can we have a
visual of that heavenly place that God's written about in His word, but we
can each one enter there if we will be faithful to Him. God reiterated His law
all to the people of Israel.
Friends we have a law today and it's the law of Christ. We ask you,
have you obeyed God's law? Are you sure that you’re living right as a
Christian? If you're not a Christian, why not become one today?
God didn't confuse us. God makes it simple. He makes it plain on
what one must do to become a Christian. You have to hear the word of
God. Today if you will hear His voice, ‘do not harden your hearts,’ Hebrews
3:7. Have you heard the word of God? I know hearing is essential for
Hebrews 11:6 says ‘without faith it's impossible to please God.’ How do we
get faith? “Faith comes by hearing and hearing by the word of God.” If it's
impossible to please God without faith and the only way I get faith is by
hearing the word of God, and I need to hear God's word so that I can
believe in Jesus.
In Acts chapter 8 Philip and Ethiopian eunuch are traveling down the
road and come to certain water. ‘Here's water what doth hinder me? If you
believe with all your heart you may.’ Do you believe with all your heart that
Jesus is God's Son? Are you willing to change your life? Acts 3:19, repent
and turn again that your sins may be blotted out. Would you make that
great confession before men? “I believe that Jesus is the Christ the Son of
God,” Romans 10:10, Acts 8:36-37. Would you be immersed in water for
the forgiveness of your sins? Acts 2:38 Peter said “Repent and be baptized
every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ.” Why? “For the remission of
Galatians 3:27 Paul said, “As many of us as were baptized into Christ
have clothed ourselves with Christ.” All spiritual blessings are in Christ,
Ephesians 1:3. Salvation is in Christ, 2 Timothy 12:10-11. If I'm baptized
into Christ, and that's where salvation all spiritual blessings are in, it’s
essential for salvation.
Our prayer and our hope today is that if you've not obeyed the gospel
that you will do that. Become a Christian. If as a Christian maybe your life's
not been live faithfully, friend there's no time like the present. If you've not
been living faithful to the Lord, won't you do it today?
Obey the gospel. Live for Christ before it's too late.
Study Questions for:
“Living Messages of the Old Testament: Lesson 5”
1. What does God warn us about in Deuteronomy 12:32?
2. What does Deuteronomy 4:2 say of the word of God?
3. According to 2 Timothy 3:16-17, all scripture is what?
4. Do we have everything we need according to 2 Timothy 3:16-17?
5. What does Mary tell the servants in John2:5?
6. What does Deuteronomy 6 say to parents?
7. According to Ephesians 6:1-4, what should parents do with their
8. What do we learn about John the Baptist’s parents in Luke 1:6?
9. According to Acts 17:11, why were they more fair-minded?
10. What does Matthew 7:21 command us to do?