BIBLE-2 - Inspiration of Scripture (Part 2)
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INSPIRATION & USE OF THE BIBLE
The Scripture says that "Holy men of God spoke as they were moved by
the Holy Spirit," 2 Peter 1:19 -21.
Welcome to our study of the truth about inspiration and authority.
Today is a second part in our study of the inspiration of Scripture. In
our last lesson we noted why inspiration is important. We looked at some
Bible passages that dealt with that. We noted that the nature of God
demands the Scripture be true. We looked at Jesus' view, Himself, of the
Scriptures and how he noted they were indeed from God.
Today, we put a third aspect with that. Not only did Jesus teach about
inspiration, not only does God and His very nature demand inspiration, but
the Holy Spirit also is a key ingredient in the inspiration of Scripture.
As we began with 2 Peter 1:19-21 the Scripture says, "Holy men of
God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit." What does it mean that
holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit? The word
'moved' in this verse literally means to be borne or carried along.
I'll give an illustration: the Greek word for 'moved' in 2 Peter 1:19-21
is the same word that is used in Acts 27:15-17. I want you to listen to what
the apostle Paul had to say about his journey, how that the ship was
moved, and how there is a similar comparison to that word. Acts 27:15
says this, "So when the ship was caught, and could not head into the wind,
we let her drive. And running under the shelterof an island called Claudia,
we secured the skiff with difficulty. When they had taken it on board, they
used cables to undergird the ship, fearing lest they should run aground on
Syrtis Sands, they struck sail and were driven." We let her drive. It was
driven. That's the idea of the word of 2 Peter 1:19-21.
Now, think about this for just a moment: notice how the ship was
moved, what the roles of the sailors were, and how this relates to the role
of inspiration of the Scriptures.
For example, these experienced sailors could not navigate the ship
because the wind was so strong. That ship was being driven, directed, and
carried about, by the wind. The Bible says, "We let her drive." We just
basically let the boat go and the wind did with it what it wanted although we
played a part in directing that in some sense a very minimal part was that of
the sailors. Now this is similar to the spirit being the directing force and the
human author's just simply God's tool as the Bible was written. This word is
a very strong one. It indicates that the spirits complete guidance, the
superintendence, overseeing, of the human authors. Just as the sailors
were active on the ship, though the wind not the sailors, controlled the
ship's movement; so human authors were active in maybe taking a pen,
sitting down with paper, but it was the Holy Spirit who oversaw and
superintended that process.
And so as we think about this idea of the Bible saying in 2 Peter 1:21,
that the Holy Spirit over saw, that he gave the guidance to the word of God.
You can see this idea clearly in Jesus' promise to His disciples: "Holy men
of God spoke as they were moved by the HolySpirit." The Holy Spirit
guided that process and Jesus clearly taught this would be the case.
Listen to John 14.I want you notice what Jesus said about this in
verse 26. Jesus said to His disciples, "But the helper, the Holy Spirit, whom
the Father will send in my name, He will teach you all things, and bring to
your remembrance all things that I said."
What did Jesus promise His disciples? The Holy Spirit's going to take
care of this. He's going to teach you all things. That would be new
information they may not be aware of or new information they needed to
A second aspect of that: the Holy Spirit was going to bring to their
remembrance things that had happened. New information and things they
had seen but maybe weren't sure of, maybe had some needed to know the
full information on- God made sure the Holy Spirit over-saw that process
and the end result -they were moved by the Holy Spirit.
Listen to John 15:26 and the promise again Jesus makes about the
Holy Spirit. Jesus said in verse 26,"But when the Helper comes, whom I
shall send to you from the Father, the Spirit of truth who proceeds from the
Father, He will testify of Me." Now, you've got this promise, John 15, and of
course that occurs in Acts 2, when Peter stood up with the 11 and the Holy
Spirit worked through the man and they continued with that work as they
wrote the New Testament. The promise was made "He'll testify of Me."
Who? Peter? The Holy Spirit! He is the one overseeing, guiding that
process and the end result is the word of God not the word of men.
Now, one of the most encouraging passages in these chapters, John
14, 15, and 16, is the words of Jesus in John 16:13.
Listen to the promise Jesus makes here. Jesus said to His disciples,
"However, when He, the Spirit of truth, has come, He will guide you into all
truth, for He will not speak on His own authority, but whatever He hears He
will speak; and he will tell you things to come."
As we think about this process, when the Spirit of truth comes, He'll
guide you into all truth. He'll not speak on His own authority-whatever He
hears from the Father, He'll speak that. He'll relate it to you.
And so the process of inspiration was the complete guidance and
control of the Holy Spirit and the end result is - we have all truth, not from
men, from the throne of God itself. Now that's the work of the Holy Spirit in
the inspiration of God's inspired word.
But you know as we think about this book, the Bible, I want us to take
just a moment and notice also both the Old Testament and the New
Testament claim and teaching about inspiration.
There's a wonderful passage in 2 Samuel 23. I think this is one of the
greatest to explain and really show how even the writers of the Old
Testament understood they were under the guidance and control of the
Listen to David's words in 2 Samuel 23:2-3 the Scripture says, "The
Spirit of theLord spoke by me, and His word was on my tongue. The God
of Israel said The Rock of Israel spoke to me: 'He who rules over men must
be just, ruling in the fear of God.' "
How did David feel as he wrote the Psalms, as he wrote some of
historical books, as these things work together and inspiration? "The Spirit
of God spoke by me." David recognized he was only an instrument. He was
only a tool in the hand of God and this is kind of the whole idea of
inspiration. "His word was on my tongue", that's the idea in the New
Testament and Old of inspiration. The word of God was on their tongue, the
Rock of Israel said, that's the idea.
When David spoke, whose words was it? It was the God of heaven
speaking through David. God's word was the product in the end.
Indeed, there are many Old Testament passages that are quoted in
the New Testament that are actually said to have the Holy Spirit as their
author, even though maybe a human prophet like David or someone else
may of spoke those words in the Old Testament.
Let me give you just a couple of illustrations to show that. One is
found in Mark 12:36. This is a very familiar passage to many. Listen to
these words, "Then Jesus answered and said, while he taught in the
Temple, how is it that the Scriptures say that the Christ is the Son of
David,” verse 35, now verse 36, “for David himself said,” notice this, “by the
Holy Spirit: The Lord said to my Lord, sit at My right hand, till I make your
enemies your foot stool." And so here you've got a passage where Christ is
quoting from David in the Psalms and Jesus said, "As David said by the
Holy Spirit." David may have said that, who was the guiding force, who was
directing what was said? The Holy Spirit was.
Now another passage, in Acts 1 that also shows what men said or
what prophets may have said in the Old Testament was actually the word
and the will of God.
Notice Acts1:16 the Scripture records the Bible saying, "and said,
Men and brethren, the Scripture had to be fulfilled,” watch this, “which the
Holy Spirit spoke before by the mouth of David concerning Judas." Again
quoting from the book of Psalms in the Old Testament, but I don't want you
to miss that little phrase: "the Holy Spirit said as it spoke by the mouth of
David." Yes, David's mouth was used, but who did the speaking there? The
Holy Spirit! It's His word, His teaching, and His voice that came through,
even though there was a human instrument that was used there.
Now let me give you just a host of these, in the Old Testament, to
illustrate what we're saying.
For example Psalm 95:7, the text will say, a ‘Psalm of David’ and we
will say, the psalmist said Psalm 95:7.Hebrews 3:7 quotes the exact words
of Psalm 95:7 which the writer made tribute to David and says this, "The
Holy Spirit said." Now don't miss this, "psalmist said", Psalm 95:7, Hebrews
3:7, "Holy Spirit said. Psalm 45:6, again the writing of David, "the psalmist
said", Hebrews 1:8, "God said."
Are you followingthe equivalent there? "What the psalmistsaid." New
Testament says, "The Holy Spirit said". "What the psalmist said", New
Testament says "God said". Although David may have written that, the Holy
Spirit and God are the real author of those words.
Couple of other illustrations: Isaiah 7:14, great passage about how
that the Messiah would be born of a woman, born of a virgin. Matthew, in
Matthew 1:22 and 23 quotes the words of Isaiah 7:14 written by the prophet
Isaiah. He said, "The Lord spoke by the prophet" and then he quotes Isaiah
7:14. Isaiah wrote it in the book of Isaiah and yet the Bible says, "The
Lord spoke by the prophet."
Another illustration: Hosea 11:1, "I will send my son to Egypt"; Hosea
writes that passage, a very prophet passage, relating to the birth and the
persecution of Jesus. We've got Hosea, the prophet, in Hosea 11:1, writing
this verse. Matthew 2:1 says this, "the Lord spoke by the prophets." Again
God the Lord was the author, the driving force behind the words in the Old
Here's another illustration that I think shows this in avery beautiful
way. Job 5:13 we have one of Job's friends, Eliphaz, speaking certain
words. Now those words, those exact words that Eliphaz spoke in that
narrative between himself and Job, are quoted, are mentioned in 1
Corinthians 3:9. The Bible says they are "God's words". People who spoke
in the Bible, people who spoke on behalf of God, how were their words
viewed? Not their words, God's word.
Again, Psalm 41:9, "David said"; Acts 1:16 verse 16, "the Holy Spirit
spoke by the mouth of David". Psalm 2:1-2, "David said" and yet in Acts
4:24-25 "God, by the mouth of David said.” Isaiah said, Isaiah 6:9-10, and
yet "the Holy Spirit through Isaiah said to our fathers", Acts 28:25.
Now that we've seen what the Old Testament teaches about
inspiration and how some of the writers of the New Testament attribute that
to God, let's take just a moment and really focus in on the New Testament
and some teaching in it about the inspiration of Scripture.
Now remember Jesus promised His followers that the work of the
Holy Spirit would be to provide an accurate recounting of the events of his
life, John 14:26, "When the Spirit, the Helper, comes He will teach you all
things and He will remind you of things that happened'. Because the Holy
Spirit, not men, not history writers, not Josephus, or anybody else, because
the Holy Spirit over-saw this process, we can have full confidence in the
words of the New Testament.
In fact the Holy Spirit, from beginning to end, over-saw, guided, and
superintended, the process.
Let's take a moment to really look into detail at this doctrine in the
New Testament. 2 Timothy 3, I want you notice the words of verse 16. This
is a great passage about inspiration and it really helps us to understand the
process itself. The Bible said, "All Scripture is given by inspiration of God,
and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in
Now when Paul said "all Scripture is inspired of God", what did he
mean by that? Well, inspiration in that text is a very unique word. It is a
compound word from two original Greek words: the word theos for God and
the word pnuestos which literally means to breathe. But not just to breathe,
it is the word for exhale, and so you've got a compound word, God exhaled.
That's the idea when the Bible says the Scriptures are inspired of God it
literally means that the Scriptures were exhaled out by God and, when God
breathed out, on His breath were the very words of Scripture.
Now let's think about this: what's meant by Scripture? "All Scripture is
given by inspiration of God", are we talking about Scripture in the sense of
just the Old Testament? Are we talking about just the New Testament or is
it a combination of both? Friend the latter is the truth on the matter. We can
know that phraseScripture refers to both the Old Testament and the New.
Romans 15:4, "The things that were written aforetime were written for
our learning, that we through patience and comfort of the Scriptures might
Now that text no doubt is using the word Scripture for the things
written aforetime, things written under the Old Testament, not necessarily
New Testament writings, and yet the apostle Paul had already described,
that a specific New Testament book as Scripture in his first letter to
I want to direct your attention to 1 Timothy 5. I want you to notice how
Paul uses the word Scripture to refer to New Testament books just as
much as Old. 1Timothy 5:18 the Bible says, "For the Scripture says, 'you
shall not muzzle an ox while it treads out the grain'." First quotation and the
second, "And the laborer is worthy of his wages". Now as you think about
this, word here for Scripture, you've got two Old Testament passages being
quoted, you've got two usages occurring here. The first in 1Timothy 5:18 is
a quote from Deuteronomy 25:4, the Scripture says then he quotes
Deuteronomy 25:4, "You shall not muzzle the ox while it treads out the
grain." Meaning if you're working in a field and the ox is working there with
you, don't keep it from eating. It's working. It has a right to eat, a quotation
from the Old Testament as Scripture.
Now what about that second passage, "the laborer is worthy of his
wages"? That's not an Old Testament passage. Where does that come
from? Luke10:7, quoting from the teaching of Jesus, Paul not only
attributes Deuteronomy 25:4 as Scripture, he also notes that the teachings
of Luke, books of the New Testament, were also considered Scripture. And
so when we hear that word "all Scripture", we're not just talking about Old
Testament, Paul taught us, Jesus taught us, that referred to the New
Testament teaching as well.
Now there's another passage that also teaches this and shows that
the epistles would be included in Scripture as well. The apostle Peter uses
this same Greek word for Scripture to describe the writings of Paul. 2 Peter
3:16, there's some things that certain people are untaught and unlearned
as they twist the Scriptures as they do to our beloved brother Paul he will
say in some of his writings. And so Paul's writings, which Paul having
written at least half the New Testament, then the human scribe behind half
the New Testament, his words were considered Scripture as well.
And so is the New Testament a part of that? Absolutely! By the time
of the writing of 2 Timothy 3:16, that part of the New Testament was also
What do we know about the Bible as a whole, in its teaching, on
inspiration, and the New Testament?
Let me offer two or three passages that really help us to understand
God's view of the Scripture, which is what ought to be our view of Scripture
The first is found in 1 Corinthians 2:13. Now I want you to notice: How
does God want us to view the scriptures? Paul says, "These things we also
speak, not in words which man's wisdom teaches, but which the Holy Spirit
teaches, comparing spiritual things with spiritual." How do I view the Bible?
Listen very carefully, this book is not in words which man's wisdom
teaches, these are not men's ideas, these are not the writings of wise men
and their recording of human rights. That's not what it is. "Not in words
which man's wisdom teaches, but", don't miss this, "which the Holy Spirit
Who is the author? Whose words are these? Whose teachings are
these? These are the teaching of the Holy Spirit of God straight from
the throne of God itself.
Another passage that helps us with this is 1 Corinthians 14:37. The
apostle Paul said, "If anyone thinks himself to be a prophet or spiritual, let
him acknowledge the things which I write to you”, listen, "they are the
commandments of the Lord." Who's a person really in tune with God's
Spirit and the teaching God in the Bible? Paul says that's a person, first of
all, who recognizes what I write, that's not my commandments, these are
the commandments of God.
Friend, listen very carefully, this book that we refer to as the Bible,
these are not David's, these are not Solomon's, these are not Luke's, these
are not Matthew's, these are not Paul, or John's words- these are the
commandments of the Lord for each one of us to live by- so that we can
have the hope of heaven.
Now, one last passage that is so important in our understanding
about inspiration: I want you to notice Paul's words to the church in
Thessalonica as he speaks about the word of truth. Notice 1
Thessalonians 2:13. Paul said, "For this reason we also thank God without
ceasing, because when you received the word of God which you heard
from us you welcomed it not as the word of men but as it is in truth the
word of God which also effectively works in you who believe."
Paul commended these people. He said ‘Here's what's great about
what you did- when you heard the word of God from us,’- Paul said’ you
did the right thing. You didn't receive it as the word of men; you received it
in truth, as it is the word of God.’
When I open my Bible and I read its pages, I am reading the words
of the very God of heaven who spoke the world and this Bible into
existence. It's His words, the words of truth that I'm going to be accountable
to in the last day.
These lessons are designed to help us see. Let's do away with
confusion. Let's not listen to the doubters and the critics. Let's turn to the
Bible. Let's see: Is this book really from God?
The answer is a resounding yes.
Now the application is: Am I willing to study? Am I willing to read it?
Am I willingto obey the word of God?
Jesus said it's not everybody that looks up into heaven and says
"Lord, Lord", that's going there but he who does the will of our father in
Friend, we encourage you today: take this book as the word of God.
Do what it says so that you can have a home in Heaven.
Study Questions for:
“Inspiration & Uses of the Bible: Lesson 2”
1. According to 2 Peter 1:19-21, what were the holy men of God moved by?
2. According to John 14:26, who will God send in His name to teach?
3. What does Jesus promise us the Spirit of Truth will do in John 16:13?
4. What was on David’s tongue in 2 Samuel 23:2-3?
5. Who spoke to David in 2 Samuel 23:2-3?
6. In Acts 1:16, who does it say spoke before by the mouth of David
7. Who spoke by the prophet in Matthew 1:22-23?
8. According to 2 Timothy 3:16, how much of the scriptures are given by
inspiration of God?
9. According to 2 Timothy 3:16, what are the scriptures profitable for?
10. According to Romans 15:4, why were the things written in the Old